Characteristics of Effective Learning set out how children learn and develop.
Our thinking about play has been influenced over the years by the work of many educationalists, psychologists, researchers and practitioners, and much has been written about how young children learn and how adults can support this learning.
Play is essential to development because it contributes to the cognitive, physical, social, and emotional well-being of children. Practitioners also have a key role in building the right conditions for learning.
The EYFS takes an approach of providing the children with a balance of child initiated play and adult focused learning. Children’s choices and interests are the driving force for building knowledge, skills and understanding. This is crucial information to know when setting up and in order to plan for an enabling environment.